The Us Helped To Negotiate A Peace Agreement In 1979 Between Israel And

Carter visited the heads of state he should rely on to allow a peace agreement. By the end of his first year in office, he had already met with Anwar El Sadat of Egypt, King Hussein of Jordan, Hafez al-Assad of Syria and Yitzhak Rabin of Israel. Despite his support for the Sadat peace initiative, King Hussein refused to participate in the peace talks; Bégin offered little to Jordan, and Hussein also feared that he would isolate Jordan from the Arab world and provoke Syria and the PLO if he participated in the peace talks. [7] Hafez al-Assad, who was not interested in peace negotiations with Israel,[8] refused to come to the United States and only agreed to meet Carter in Geneva. The second framework[23] laid out a basis for the peace treaty six months later, in particular the decision on the future of the Sinai Peninsula. Israel has agreed to withdraw its armed forces from Sinai, to evacuate its 4,500 civilians and to do so in exchange for normal diplomatic relations with Egypt, guarantees of freedom of passage through the Suez Canal and other nearby waterways (such as the Strait of Tiran) and a limitation of troops as Egypt in Sinai, especially within 20 to 40 km of Israel , to restore the situation. This process would take three years. Israel has also agreed to limit its troops to a smaller distance (3 km) from the Egyptian border and to guarantee free passage between Egypt and Jordan. In withdrawing, Israel also returned the Abu Rudeis oil fields in western Sinai, which contained long-term commercial wells. The exploratory talks between Mr. Carter and foreign minister Cyrus Vance gave a fundamental plan to revive the peace process on the basis of a Geneva peace conference and presented three main objectives for Arab-Israeli peace: the Arab recognition of Israel`s right to peace, Israel`s withdrawal from the occupied territories, won by six-day negotiations with neighbouring Arab nations , to ensure that Israel`s security is not compromised and the guarantee of a sharing Jerusalem is guaranteed.

[3] „For Carter, a comprehensive peace agreement was not only the right thing to do, but he believed it would improve U.S.-Soviet relations and strengthen the U.S. position in the Arab world,“ says Craig Daigle, an associate history professor at City College in New York, who is currently writing a book called Camp David and the Remaking of the Middle East. The future of the city of Jerusalem, which both Israelis and Palestinians want as its capital, was clearly and deliberately excluded from this agreement, as it was (and will remain) a highly controversial subject, which received new attention in 2017 thanks to President Donald Trump and his announcement of official recognition of the city as the capital of Israel. Just days after his speech, the two sides began informal and sporadic peace talks, which will eventually lead to the signing of the Camp David Agreement, the first formal agreement between Israel and each Arab nation. This was due to the zeal of NATO countries to improve Egypt`s troubled economy, the belief that Egypt should begin to focus more on its own interests than on those of the Arab world, and the hope that an agreement with Israel would catalyze similar agreements between Israel and its other Arab neighbours and help solve the Palestinian problem.